Sunday, October 31, 2010

Ways to prevent damage hair

Here are some ways to prevent or "help" prevent damage to your hair:
1) Use a thermal protector when using heat.
2) Do not blow dry the hair completely dry. Leave a little moisture in.
3) Use a conditioner with U.V. protectors built in.
4) Use a low or no ammonia hair color.
5) Air oxidize perms instead of using the neutralizer.
6) Never brush wet or damp hair. Use a wide toothed comb.
7) On dry hair use a boars hair brush and start at the ends and work up.
8) Clarify your hair after you swim.
9) Blow dry on the "cool" setting.
10) Eat protein rich foods (chicken, fish, nuts) - Eat foods rich in essential fatty acids (not from animal sources [they contain cholesterol]-only from botanical sources)

Saturday, October 30, 2010

The Oxidizing Agents

The Oxidizing Agent or Developer is hydrogen peroxide in one of various forms and strengths. lt is the catalyst or cause of the chemical reaction which allows the formula to permanently alter the hair's color. The strength of the developer - is determined by the desired results and the manufacturer's directions.

10 Volume - Color deposit with only slight lightening.
20 Volume - Maximum color deposit as for gray or white hair with lightening
30 Volume - . Strong lightening action with less color deposit.
Bleaching Boosters - can be added to increase lifting action. Consult manufacturer's instructions . Too much developer and the color may not have good highlights, cover poorly, not lift to the correct level and fade more quickly.

Friday, October 29, 2010

Hair Coloring

It may sound a bit odd but your hair is a mixture of 3 colors; red yellow, and blue. These are the primary colors. Secondary colors are orange, green, and violet. If you look at the "wheel" a color opposite (directly across) will "negate" that color. This means if your hair is a orange color - blue will make it a brown/black color. If you hair has a yellow tone, violet will cancel it out.
One of the most important elements of haircoloring is determining the hairs' "underlying pigmet" (the hairs' natural color.) When you chose a color in a swatch book, your hair may not come out that color because of the underlying pigment in your hair.

Underlying color + Artifcial color = Final result 

Levels of Hair Color


2=Very Dark Brown

3=Dark Brown


5=Medium Brown

6=Light Brown

7=Dark Blonde

8=Light Blonde

9=Very Light Blonde

10=Light Platium Blonde

Thursday, October 28, 2010

Hair Follicle

A hair follicle is a part of the skin that grows hair by cramping old cells tightly. Attached to the follicle is a sebaceous gland, a tiny sebum-producing gland found everywhere except on the palms, lips and soles of the feet. The thicker the density of the hair, the more the number of sebaceous glands that are found.
Also attached to the follicle is a tiny bundle of muscle fiber called the arrector pili that is responsible for causing the follicle lissis to become more perpendicular to the surface of the skin, and causing the follicle to protrude slightly above the surrounding skin (piloerection) and a pore encased with skin oil. This process results in goose bumps (or goose flesh). Stem cells are located at the junction of the erector and the follicle, and are principally responsible for the ongoing hair production during a process known as the Anagen stage.
The average growth rate of healthy hair follicles on the scalp is half an inch per month.

Wednesday, October 27, 2010

Hair- follicles cycling

Hair grows in cycles of various phases: anagen is the growth phase; catagen is the involuting or regressing phase; and telogen, the resting or quiescent phase. Each phase has several morphologically and histologically distinguishable sub-phases. Prior to the start of cycling is a phase of follicular morphogenesis (formation of the follicle). There is also a shedding phase, or exogen, that is independent of anagen and telogen in which one of several hairs that might arise from a single follicle exits. Normally up to 90% of the hair follicles are in anagen phase while, 10–14% are in telogen and 1–2% in catagen. The cycle's length varies on different parts of the body. For eyebrows, the cycle is completed in around 4 months, while it takes the scalp 3–4 years to finish; this is the reason eyebrow hairs have a much shorter length limit compared to hairs on the head. Growth cycles are controlled by a chemical signal like epidermal growth factor.

Tuesday, October 26, 2010

Alopecia is the technical term for abnormal hair loss

Alopecia is the technical term for any abnormal hair loss. The most common types of alopecia are androgenic alopecia, alopecia areata, and postpartum alopecia. Alopecia usuall is the result of hormonal,age-related, or genetic changes. Androgenis alopecia is often referred to as male-pattern baldness. This type of alopecia is genetically inherited with an onset of approximately 35 year in both men and women. Alopecia areata is characterized by sudden onset of hair loss,often in patches,resulting from an autoimmune response. The people with alopecia areata ,white blood cell attack the hair follicles, preventing hair growth. Males and females of all races can be affected,onset is usually in childhood. Postpartum alopecia aff......ects women shortly after the birth of a child and is temporary. Its usually subsides after 1 year

Sunday, October 24, 2010


 Dandruff,or Pityriasis, is a medical condition characterized by excessive shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. Dandruff is a result of the fungus Malassezia. Malassezia is prsent on all skin and is only problematic when the cell growth increases to an abnormal level, interfering with naturalcell renewal. Dandruff may be accompanied by inflammaton and redness and should be treated with mild antifungal shampoos containing pyrithione zinc, selenium sulfide, or ketaconazol . Consultation with a doctor and a topical steriods may be required.

Friday, October 22, 2010

The ph balance of hair

 The ph of hair ranges between 4.5 and 5.5. When selecting products for used on the hair, its is important to condsider the condition of the hair and the ph of the products. The higher the ph, the more alkaline or harsh the product may be. In case of shampoo, a higher ph may be selected to remove buildup.but this turn can strip hair of neccessary oils,resulting in over-stimulation of the sebaceous oil glads in the scalp and worsening of oily hair. Highly porous hair,often a result of overprocessing,is dry and brittle ( lacking nessary oils)and will require a shampoo with a lower ph and therefore less alkalinity. HAIRBYMZFELICA

Thursday, October 21, 2010

The 2 types of chemical relaxers

 There are 2 types of chemical relaxers: sodium hydroxide and ammonium thioglycolate. Sodium hydroxide relaxer ( also referred to as lye relaxers.have 2% to 3%sodium hydroxide in a cream base.The ph for this type ranges from 11.5 to 14. Ammonium thglycolate relaxer contains 4% to 6% thyglycolate acid and 1% ammonium hydroxide; the ph ranges is 8.8 to 9.5 . The relaxer is appied to the roots of the hair,where it alters the hair shafts structure. Some relaxer require a protective base( petroleum jelly)be placed on the scalp prior to the procedure to prevent burning or irritation. After the relaxing phase is completed, neutralizer is applied to stop the relaxing process and balance the ph. Neutralizers,usually either hydrogen peroxide, sodium perborate,or sodium bromateal, are known as fixatives or stabilizer, These bonding agents can cause the hair to be fragile, and hair can be significantly d...amaged by excessive application of relxers. Thanks for all the supports.( hairbymzfelicia)


HELLO ALL. Did you guys know that red and black is the haredest color to remove from ur hair? In order to remove then 2 color u must strip ur hair. or u can cut it out. If u go throught that process. u would need to make sure u condition ur hair...color can be very drying and when u strip ur hair u remove everything.. So please used deep conditioning and a leave in... thanks..HAIRBYMZFELICA